This paper presented study of severity of wind and earthquake loads on height of buildings. When we design a RC framed buildings whether it is tall or short building it is important to design with lateral loads. And lateral loads are comprises of wind loads and earthquake loads. The design loadings will be of basic wind speed 55m/s and earthquake zone V.The IS codes used for wind loads is 875(part3):2015 and the IS code used for earthquake is 1893:2002. This is a detailed study for the building height at which wind loads outweighs earthquake loads. As we know that for buildings with short height earthquake load is more dominant and buildings for tall height wind load is more dominant.
Author : Khalid Masood1 and Md. Tasleem
Title : Effect of wind and earthquake on buildings height
In this paper we have introduced the necessity operator on a Bipolar Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Subset of a Bipolar Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Topological space and verified its property.
Ahmedabad is metropolis rapid growing city of Gujarat, in many regions
of Ahmedabad multi lanes road serves different purposes like vehicular traffic,
pedestrians, bicycles, public transit system etc. But with uneven or non-uniform
distribution of space for each activities. So, there will be a need to allocate most
appropriate and sufficient space with proper utilization of road space.
In this research, the main aim of the study is effective utilization of road space
throughout day without any undesirable congestion. Also suitable space allocation
and designing to attain economy in capital cost as well as maintenance and
operations cost of road user. This research affords to study the level of utilization of
spaces allocated in urban roads of study area for different purposes and collect the
information’s regarding traffic volume count, speed-delay studies, pedestrian traffic
survey, LOS of the existing condition. Traffic data collected on a section of a sixlane divided roadway (one-way movement only) are used to develop the speed-flow
curve. It is observed that capacity is 1791 PCU/hour and 1924 PCU/hour for IIM
mid-block and at Shivranjani mid-block observed capacity is 2194 PCU/hour and
2060 PCU/hour respectively. The observed capacity compared with capacity
suggested by INDO-HCM 2017. At IIM mid-block the observed capacity is nearly
57.35% and 54.19% lower than the capacity suggested by INDO-HCM 2017. At
Shivranjani mid-block the capacity suggested by INDO-HCM 2017 is nearly 2.28%
and 5.67% higher than the observed capacity.
We have seen a massive growth in PDF file usage. A PDF file is something which is used by approx. everyone. It is a necessary thing for all, and it became a must have thing. Everyone must have used PDF file at some point in their life. It is used by professors, students, working professional, common people. Professors use it to make examination paper for students, guidelines for students, any notice for students etc. students are use it for making answer sheet, organizing documents, making assignment etc. working professional use PDF for making their work-related documents, and for some other reasons. Common people use it for organizing govt ids, organizing home registration paper etc. You can organize documents thorough it very easily. So, to make PDF it is essential that you have a PDF converter in your device otherwise how can you make PDF. Here, this app helps you. Which is an android app. Which helps you to make PDF very easily. You can do editing in it also, very easily. Which make it a better app. This article shows you why we choose android OS over other and why we choose Waterfall model. Hope this helps the researchers.
Keywords : Android application, PDF Converter, Waterfall Model.
Author : Anas Abbas, Safdar Tanweer, Syed Sibtain Khalid and Naseem Rao
Title : A simple PDF Converter using Android with built in editing features