Prediction of Diabetes Using Machine Learning

Author : Ch.Niharika, A.Hima Bindu, A.Mounika, G.Kiranmai

Diabetes is a chronic disease with the potential to cause a worldwide health care crisis. According to International Diabetes Federation 382 million people are living with diabetes across the whole world. By 2035, this will be doubled as 592 million COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly affected our day-to-day life disrupting the world trade and movements. In this situation diabetic patient standing in the queue is a critical issue. Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is a disease caused due to the increase level of blood glucose. Various traditional methods, based on physical and chemical tests,are available for diagnosing diabetes. However, early prediction of diabetes is quite challenging task for medical practitioners due to complex interdependence on various factors as diabetes affects human organs such as kidney, eye, heart,nerves, foot etc. Data science methods have the potential to benefit other scientific fields by shedding new light on common questions. One such task is to help make predictions on medical data. Machine learning is an emerging scientific field in data science dealing with the ways in which machines learn from experience. The aim of this project is to develop a system which can perform early prediction of diabetes for a patient with a higher accuracy by combining the results of different machine learning techniques. This project aims to predict diabetes via four different supervised machine learning methods including: KNN, Logistic regression, Decision Tree, Random Forest. This project also aims to propose an effective technique for earlier detection of the diabetes disease.

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